Atopic dermatitis is a sensitivity of the
skin that often appears in children before the age of two. Why so early? Because even though mothers see that their
baby’s skin is perfectly smooth, with no imperfections, it is still developing, it’s what we call
immature, and as the child grows the skin solidifies and develops between birth and the age of two. This atopic dermatitis, which we also call
atopic eczema, can develop. It is skin that is so fragile it is almost
a little permeable, so you see there are things, allergens that can enter the skin and the moisture that is normally in the skin can evaporate. So children with atopic eczema have dry skin, and you’ll see it’s very important to hydrate them all over the body. There are substances we define as allergens that penetrate the skin, and the skin reacts with what we call an inflammatory reaction. To the eye all inflammation appears red, so these children have very dry skin with small red rashes in certain places, always with a lot of itching. It’s a very common condition, affecting one child in five, which is 20%, in our industrialised countries. It’s a difficult time that needs support, but in the vast majority of cases, atopic dermatitis subsides by the time school begins around the age of six.