Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 1

Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 1

Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 1, also called APS type 1, or autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy, also called APECED, is a rare, genetically inherited condition. Autoimmune means that the body’s immune system begins to attack its own tissues, and polyglandular means that multiple hormone-producing organs are affected. Normally, your body should only react to things that areRead More Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 1

Sjogren’s syndrome

Sjogren’s syndrome

Sjogren’s syndrome, named after Dr. Henrik Sjogren who first identified it, is a common autoimmune disorder, typically occurring in women. In Sjogren’s syndrome, the body’s immune cells go rogue and start attacking various exocrine glands, which are glands that pour their secretions into a duct; most commonly the salivary glands and the lacrimal, or tear,Read More Sjogren’s syndrome

Psoriasis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Psoriasis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Psoriasis is a non-contagious, chronic autoimmune disease that causes skin inflammation, and is linked to other autoimmune deficiencies such as psoriatic arthritis. It can be incredibly itchy and form silver plaques on the skin that can be embarrassing, and have both physical and psychological effects. Afflicted reality TV star Kim Kardashian, and singer Cyndi LauperRead More Psoriasis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

5-alpha reductase deficiency – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

5α- reductase deficiency is a genetic disorder in which a protein called 5α reductase is defective or absent. 5α- reductase is an enzyme that converts the male hormone testosterone to its more potent form, called dihydrotestosterone. One of the most important roles of dihydrotestosterone is to help male external genitalia develop in a male fetus.Read More 5-alpha reductase deficiency – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Vitiligo

Vitiligo

Learning medicine is hard work! Osmosis makes it easy. It takes your lectures and notes to create a personalized study plan with exclusive videos, practice questions and flashcards, and so much more. Try it free today! Vitiligo, likely meaning blemish, is a non-contagious skin condition that is defined by patches of discoloration, or depigmentation. ThoughRead More Vitiligo

Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

Wernicke Korsakoff syndrome is named after Carl Wernicke and Sergei Korsakoff, the physicians who discovered the condition in the late 1800s. Wernicke Korsakoff syndrome is caused by Vitamin B1 or thiamine deficiency and it refers to a spectrum of disease. Wernicke’s encephalopathy is the acute, reversible stage of the syndrome, and if left untreated itRead More Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome